It is a great wonderful full day of visiting the majestic pyramids, sphinx, the cemetery of Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshour.
The Giza pyramids:
The Giza plateau is in the vast desert, the land of the dead. Guarded by the Great Sphinx, the plateau is dominated by the massive pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. To the south of the Great Sphinx, lies the cemetery and Town of the pyramids Builders.
The pyramids are indeed remarkable feats of engineering. But the question is “why the pyramids were constructed?”.
The pyramids were constructed in the 4th dynasty, but Giza remained important through the New Kingdom and the 3rd intermediate period.
There are so many theories about the techniques of the pyramids construction.
Notes: tickets of entry inside the pyramids aren’t included.
Saqqara lies in the west bank of the Nile. It is very vast burial ground, was serving as the cemetery of Memphis, the first capital of Egypt. It includes the famous step pyramid of Djoser and some other mastabas.
Some pyramids were built at Saqqara by the kings of the 5th and 6th dynasties, such as Userkaf, Unas, Pepi I and Pepi II.
Some private tombs of the Old Kingdom were built there. The best known tombs are those of Ti, Kagemni, Ptah hotep and Meruruka.
Memphis was the 1st capital of ancient Egypt. The city was founded by the king Menes from the 1st dynasty. It occupied a strategic position at the mouth of the Nile Delta.
The famous god Ptah was highly worshipped in Memphis. From the name of Ptah’s temple there ( hit- ka- ptah ), the greek name of Egypt ( Aigyptos ) ( Ai- gy- ptos ) was derived.
In Memphis, the first united government of Egypt was established in 2925 BC, under the authority of king Menes, the 1st king of upper and lower Egypt.
Memphis is the Greek name of the Egyptian name ( min – nfr ), today is called Mit Rahina.
In this tour you will visit the open air museum of Memphis, which amongst other artifacts exhibits a colossus of Ramses II.
Dahshour is about 40 km south of Cairo on the west bank of the Nile. Dahshour is famous for (by) the Bent pyramid and the Red pyramid which were constructed by king Senfru ( 2613- 2589 BC ), the father of Khufu ( Cheops).
There is also a pyramid was built by Amenmehat II ( 1929 – 1895 BC ), 12th dynasty, is now badly damaged.
Some several tombs of royal women were built there as well.
The king Senusert III built two pyramids there. The Black pyramid was built by king Amenmehat III, it remains the most imposing monument at the site after the two Senfru pyramids.
Several other pyramids of the 13th dynasty were built at Dahshour.
- Entrance fees.
- All transfers.
- English speaking tour guide.
- Air condition tourist coach.
- Entry inside the pyramids.
- Tips for guides and divers.
- Drinks and personal expenses.
Prices per person:
- Child under 12 is 50% discount of the price.
- All prices in US Dollar, but Egyptian Pound, English Pound & Euros are accepted.